Speaker of the IMPRS-CMS

Prof. Bernhard KeimerDirector at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Speaker of the IMPRS-CMSPhysics of Strongly Correlated Electron Systems
The department uses neutron and X-ray diffraction and spectroscopy as well as optical spectroscopy and Raman scattering to explore the structure and dynamics of materials with strong electron correlations. We also have a strong effort in the development of new spectroscopic methods. As the close collaboration between experimentalists and theorists is essential for progress in this field, a small theory group operates within the department. more

Principal Investigators of the IMPRS-CMS

Prof. Dr. Peter van Aken Leader of the Stuttgart Center for Electron Microscopy (StEM) at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF) & Adj. Professor at the University of DarmstadtElectron Microscopy
The Stuttgart Center for Electron Microscopy (StEM) is an internationally recognized center for advanced electron microscopy. The center has a long tradition of applying and developing new microscopy techniques for the investigation of novel materials. The extensive expertise of the researchers and technicians in the group is complemented by a range of instruments; StEM possesses 8 TEMs, including two state-of-the-art Cs-corrected TEMs, 5 SEMs, and a suite of specialized sample preparation equipment.
The group undertakes both independent research and collaborative projects with other groups at the Stuttgart Max Planck Institutes. In heterostructures and functional thin films, StEM investigates structure and chemistry around defects and interfaces at atomic resolution. In bio-composite systems, StEM is studying biologically-driven mechanisms for nanostructure replication and organization. The group has a well-developed program investigating plasmons and electron-interactions, both through experiments and modeling. Many other research projects are described on the StEM webpages. more
Prof. Dr. Ali AlaviDirector at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Electronic Structure Theory
The research in the Alavi group is at present largely concerned with the following question: how can one best use a given (finite) amount of parallel computing power in trying to solve electronic (many-particle) Schrodinger equations? We are particularly interested in physical systems in which the electronic wave functions exhibit much irreducible entanglement, in other words cannot be expressed as single configurations (or Slater determinants) in any one-particle basis. As well as being a question of enormous basic significance to theoretical physics and chemistry, the answer to this question impinges on a broad swathe of knowledge: ranging from many-body theory, through to the mathematics of graph theory, optimization and stochastic processes, through to algorithm design and computer science.
As well as, of course, the questions of application. As a graduate student, you will embark on a rigorous course of work which will bring you in contact with each of these areas. Ideal background for this type of work is a good first degree in theoretical physics or chemistry, applied mathematics, or computer science. more
Dr. Kelvin AnggaraERC Group Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Single Molecule Microscopy of Complex Biomolecules
Anggara Group uses low-temperature scanning probe microscopy to unveil structures, dynamics, and properties of complex biomolecules at single molecule level. We seek to understand how molecular structures give rise to physical and biochemical properties, by performing single molecule physical chemistry experiments corroborated by ab initio calculations. In particular we focus on complex biomolecules that are intractable by today’s analytical techniques such as polysaccharides and glycoproteins.
PD Dr. Christian AstGroup Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF) Quantum Materials and Nanoelectronics - Atomic Scale Spectroscopy
The research in our group is focused on the electronic and magnetic properties of low-dimensional electron systems. Using scanning tunneling microscopy at lowest temperatures (10mK), we study magnetic nanostructures as well as superconductors with very low lying transition temperatures. For example, we utilize the Tedrow-Meservey-Effect (Zeeman splitting in a superconductor) to determine the absolute spin-polarization of tunneling electrons. Furthermore, we use angular resolved photoemission spectroscopy to study the effects of different phenomena (e.g. spin-orbit coupling, defects, and disorder) on the electronic structure of low-dimensional systems. The different materials include topological insulators and graphene. more
Prof. Dr. Stefanie Barz Institute for Functional Matter an Quantum Technologies, University of StuttgartIntegrated Quantum Optics and Quantum Information
The research of our group is concerned with quantum technologies and quantum optics. One particular research focus is quantum networks: we implement quantum protocols, build distributed quantum networks and perform secure quantum computations in them. Furthermore, we work on demonstrating quantum effects in systems with few particles and how to exploit those for applications. Our research is experimental and focuses on photonic quantum systems, meaning we generate, manipulate, and detect single photons.
Furthermore, our research is interdisciplinary and involves aspects from physics, engineering, and computer science. more
Dr. Eva BenckiserGroup Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)X-ray Spectroscopy of Oxide Heterostructures
The research in our group focuses on the study of transition-metal oxide thin films and multilayers using resonant X-ray spectroscopy. Our goal is to combine different quantum materials in a heterostructure to stabilize new phases with functional properties that can be used, for example, in sensor, memory or logic applications. more
Prof. Dr. Joachim BillGroup Leader at the Institute for Material Science III, University of Stuttgart Bioinspired Materials
The main research direction concerns the synthesis and characterization of inorganic as well as organic / inorganic multifunctional materials. For the generation of the materials the principles of biomineralization are applied. Within the scope of this research field biomineralizing living systems, like algae or bacteria are investigated. These studies provide the base for the synthesis of functional materials. Beside this work on molecular bionics also the processing of ceramics by the thermolysis of preceramic compounds as well as powder technology and sintering are treated. In addition to that, the characterization of the structure-property relations plays an important role. more
Prof. Dr. sc. nat. Hans Peter BüchlerInstitute for Theoretical Physics III, University of Stuttgart Quantum Many-Body Systems in Cold Atomic and Molecular Gases
The theory group has a long standing experience in the study of quantum phenomena in the field of atomic, molecular and optical physics. A special focus is on the man-body properties of strongly interacting quantum systems, as naturally realized with dipolar gases, cold atoms in optical lattices, polar molecules, and photons in a Rydberg media. The main research goals are the creation of exotic states of matter with ultra-cold gases, the design of quantum simulators for topological ordered phases and the study of their application for quantum information, as well as the understanding of strongly correlated states. more
Dr. Laura ClassenGroup Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Correlated Phases in Quantum Materials
The understanding of fundamental, physical processes in quantum materials and the identification of universal aspects among them constitutes a necessary basis for the design of new quantum materials with desired functionalities. Our group investigates the collective behavior of interacting electrons which gives rise to the many fascinating phases of matter in quantum materials. We seek to explain the underlying mechanisms behind the phase formation and to determine characteristic properties of the different phases.We are particularly interested in situations when excitations of different phases strongly interact so that it is essential to consider their mutual influence on each other. This includes, for example, the study of quantum phase transitions or unconventional superconductivity. To account for the decisive role of interactions and the interplay of different degrees of freedom in these complex situations, we employ modern, field-theoretical tools with an emphasis on renormalization group techniques. We make use of microscopic and effective descriptions inspired by experimental observations to obtain a comprehensive picture of correlated phases in quantum materials. more
Prof. Dr. Oliver ClemensProfessor for Materials Chemistry at University of StuttgartNew Materials for Energy Applications
The group works on the development of novel battery systems, among them fluoride ion batteries and solid state batteries. For the former, the intercalation and deintercalation of fluoride ions leads to a change of electronic properties, and can induce novel magnetic phenomena or superconductivity. The development of catalysts for the oxygen redduction reaction is further connected to the chemistry of oxyfluoride compounds. In addition, we target the development of materials for solid state batteries, considering their sustainability and suitability for circular economy. Methods used in the group comprise solid state and wet-chemical synthesis routes, thin film deposition as well as topochemical low-temperature routes, combined with structural, electrochemical and magnetic characterization and compositional analysis. more
Prof. Dr. Maria Daghofer  Institute for Functional Matter and Quantum Technologies, University of Stuttgart   Condensed-Matter Theory
Our group investigates correlated electron systems, i.e., materials where interactions between electrons are crucial if we want to understand their properties. We have a certain focus on numerical investigations of model systems: While models are of course a severe simplification of a material, this abstraction implies at the same time that we can use them to test our understanding of the dominant processes and to identify the most important aspects. Current focuses of our research are multi-orbital systems, e.g. iron-based superconductors or iridates, and topological states of matter that arise through electron-electron and electron-spin interactions. more
Prof. Dr. Robert Dinnebier  Leader of the Scientific Facility "X-Ray Diffraction" at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF) &  Adj. Professor at the University of Stuttgart   X-Ray Diffraction
• All aspects of modern powder diffraction • Structure determination • Thermochromic / Photochromic / Electronic / Magnetic materials • Microstructure • In-situ/time-resolved • Non-ambient conditions • Rietveld refinement • Parametric refinement • Landau theory / Strain-order parameter coupling • Method of Maximum Entropy more
Prof. Dr. Martin DresselDirector of the 1st Physics Institute, University of StuttgartElectronic, Magnetic and Optical Properties of Novel Materials
Solid state physics, correlated electron systems, physics of low-dimensional solids, superconductivity, magnetism, molecular physics, organic materials, metallic nanostructures, nanomagnetism, electrodynamics of solids, optical measurements of solids more
Prof. Dr. Frank GießelmannInstitute of Physical Chemistry, University of Stuttgart Liquid Crystals
Our main research direction is the structure and dynamics of the liquid-crystalline state of matter. Liquid crystals are quintessential soft matter materials and provide an excellent testing ground for the advancement of essential concepts in condensed matter science, such as self-organization, phase transitions, hydrodynamics and elasticity. Systems exhibiting liquid crystalline order range from small rod- or disc-shaped organic molecules (e.g., the ‘classic’ liquid crystals used in LCD devices), over polymers, dispersions of micelles and nanoparticles (e.g., CNTs and viruses) to certain quantum electronic materials. Our research aims to elucidate the relations between the molecular structures, the symmetry and order parameters of liquid crystalline ordering, and the macroscopic properties of liquid crystals. We are particular interested in the unique chirality effects in liquid-crystalline systems, leading to self-organized chiral nanostructures which e.g. mimic the liquid-crystalline structures found in biological matter. more
Prof. Dr. Harald GiessenDirector of the 4th Physics Institute, University of StuttgartUltra-fast Nano-Optics, Metamaterials
Plasmonic materials that consist of nanostructured metals concentrate light on a subwavelength scale. Optical nanoantennas focus light fields into spots of less than 100 nanometers. When arranged in suitable geometries, such plasmonic metamaterials can act as electrical nanocircuits and provide a toolbox to tailor both electric and magnetic light fields which can even result in a negative refractive index and optical cloaks. Chiral plasmonic structures and metamaterials can serve as broadband waveplates and circular polarizers. In combination with suitable surfaces, the nanooptical materials can act as nanosensors that give unprecedented sensitivity and selectivity in the atto- and zeptomolar range, even down to the single monolayer or molecular level. Applications such as hydrogen or glucose sensing based on optical elements have been pioneered in our group. Angle- and polarization independent perfect absorbers can also serve in this role. We manufacture and characterize our nanostructures in our own 600 m2 state of the art nanofabrication facility with electron beam lithography, evaporation and dry etching, as well as nanoscale analysis and imaging capabilities including scanning electron and atomic force microscopy. In our cleanroom we have pioneered three-dimensional stacking of metamaterials, as well as electroless metallization of photonic nanostructures that have been fabricated by 3D direct laser writing. Additionally, colloidal lithography with titled angle evaporation was pioneered by our group to manufacture cm2 sized homogeneous plasmonic structures and metamaterials at extremely low costs. more
PD Dr. Eberhard GoeringGroup Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems (MPI-IS)Magnetic X-Ray-Spectroscopy
Polarized x-ray based studies on magnetism and modern magnetic materials utilizing X-ray magnetism circular dichroism (XMCD) and related techniques, like X-ray resonant reflectivity (XRMR), and X-ray spectroscopic microscopy. The main focus from technological and from basic research points of view, the investigation of modern magnetic bulk and thin film systems. This includes thin film heterostructures of magnetic and nonmagnetic multilayers in combination with high-tc superconductors. Related research topics are interface magnetism, magnetocrystalline anisotropy, orbital moments, nano-magnetism, spin conduction and relaxation, interfacial exchange interaction, room temperature ferromagnetism in nominal d0 magnets, and exchange bias. Due to strong future demands on high performance permanent magnets, we started investigations on new phase rare earth – transition metal based magnets, with high energy products, and on MnBi based high temperature compatible. more
PD Dr. Daniel KatsGroup Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Coupled Cluster Theory
We are extending the coupled cluster theory, one of the most successful theories for ab-initio simulations of molecules, to study strongly correlated, extended and periodic molecular systems. We are developing novel coupled cluster approaches and embedding methodologies, and use automatic coding techniques to implement the new methods. These methods can be applied to various molecular or model systems, with strongly and weakly correlated electrons, to calculate ground and excited state properties and to predict or explain experimental findings. more
Prof. Dr. Klaus Kern  Director at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF) & Professor at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne   Nanoscale Science
Nanoscience and nanotechnology; surfaces and interfaces; self-organisation phenomena and epitaxial growth; fabrication and characterization of metal, semiconductor and molecular nanostructures; molecular electronics; carbon nanotubes and graphene; clusters and nanocrystals; interactions and processes on the atomic and molecular scale; scanning probe microscopy and spectroscopy; nanooptics more
Dr. Hagen KlaukHead of the Max Planck Research Group "Organic Electronics" at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Organic Electronics
Research in the Organic Electronics group focuses on novel functional organic materials and on the manufacturing and characterization of organic and nanoscale electronic devices, such as high-performance organic thin-film transistors, carbon nanotube field-effect transistors, and inorganic semiconductor nanowire field-effect transistors. Of particular interest is the use of molecular self-assembled monolayers in functional electronic devices. We are developing materials and manufacturing techniques that allow the use of high-quality self-assembled monolayers as the gate dielectric in low-voltage organic and inorganic field-effect transistors and low-power integrated circuits on flexible substrates. more
Dr. Simon KrauseGroup Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Dynamic framework materials and molecular machines
Our interdisciplinary research group explores how to teach crystals tricks of living matter by investigating dynamic features of molecular framework materials such as metal-organic and covalent organic frameworks (MOFs and COFs). By specifically tuning the structural topology of the framework, we create soft porous crystals which exhibit pore contraction and/or expansion as a response to the adsorption of gases and fluids or external triggers such as light irradiation. Such materials can act as responsive cargo-release systems, nanoscopic sensors or feature counterintuitive phenomena such as negative gas adsorption. We furthermore construct frameworks which contain molecular machines such as light-driven molecular motors and switches as responsive and intrinsically dynamic building blocks. We aim towards collective operating molecular machines in the solid state which are able to actively transport molecules in the pore space and facilitate dynamic conversion and storage of energy carriers and other small molecules. Our diverse team uses a wide range of synthetic and experimental tools and collaborates in national and international research projects to push the boundaries of dynamic features in crystalline solids. more
Prof. Dr. Anke KruegerDirector of the Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of StuttgartResearch method and areas: Organic and Materials Chemistry
Our research interests are the design, synthesis and characterization of novel carbon based nanomaterials, hybrid materials and carbon-rich organic compounds. We focus on the development of novel functionalization techniques, colloid and mechanochemistry, the characterization using a broad range of spectroscopic and imaging techniques and the production of highly defined diamond and related materials.

The functional diamond-based (nano)materials are investigated for applications in quantum technology, biomedicine, chemical energy storage and catalysis. Our carbon-rich organic compounds with unique electronic properties are investigated on surfaces and in solution for the applications in organic electronics and quantum technology.
Dr. Tim LangenResearch Group Leader and Deputy Professor at the 5th Institute of Physics of the University of StuttgartCold Molecules
Our group uses ultracold atoms and molecules for applications in quantum simulation and precision measurements. We use laser cooling to bring gases to temperatures close to absolute zero, where their quantum properties can be controlled and probed with exquisite precision. While interactions in these systems are typically of short range, we are particularly interested in long-range interactions, as provided e.g. by magnetic atoms or heteronuclear diatomic molecules. Under these circumstances, exotic new states of matter appear, such as supersolids, which exhibit both superfluid and crystalline properties at the same time. more
Prof. Dr. Sabine LaschatDirector of the Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of StuttgartResearch method and areas: Organic Chemistry
My research interests deal with the design, synthesis and characterization of novel liquid crystalline materials, hybrid materials of dyes and liquid crystals, as well as biomaterials. We try to understand structure property relationships in such materials towards novel organic electronics, ion conductors and battery materials.
Prof. Dr. Laura Na LiuDirector of 2nd Physics Institute, University of StuttgartNanophotonics and DNA-nanotechnology
Our group works at the interface between nanophotonics and DNA nanotechnology. We aim for the realization of artificial nanofactories, in which DNA-based cellular mimics can be built and work in concert, in direct resemblance to the biological systems in living cells. Using bottom-up (DNA-origami) and top-down (electron beam lithography) nanotechniques we develop nanophotonic building blocks for biology, chemistry, and materials science with both tailored optical response and active functionality. The dynamic building blocks allow us quantitative and kinetic understanding of structural changes, biological processes and phase changes materials down to the single particle level. more
Prof. Dr. Bettina V. Lotsch  Max Planck Research Group Leader "Nanochemistry" at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF) &  Professor at the LMU Munich   Nanochemistry
Our research is geared towards the rational synthesis of new multifunctional materials with engineered properties by combining the tools of solid-state and nanochemistry. We aim at creating function from both atomic-scale structure and nanoscale morphology, with a strong emphasis on exploring structure-property relationships based on a variety of diffraction and spectroscopic techniques. Specifically, we invoke the concepts of soft chemistry and directed self-assembly to develop new two-dimensional systems, porous frameworks, photonic nanostructures and layered heterostructures with application potential in sensing, catalysis, as well as photo- and electrochemical energy conversion and storage. more
Prof. Dr. Sabine LudwigsHead of Chair of Structure and Properties of Polymeric Materials, Institute of Polymer Chemistry, University of StuttgartStructure and Properties of Functional Polymeric Materials
In our interdisciplinary and international research team of polymer chemists, physical chemists and materials scientists we are developing functional and intelligent polymer materials and devices.
One of the main aims is to control and manipulate structure-property relationships of hierarchical architectures from the molecular via the nanoscopic to the macroscopic device level.
Functionalities include:
  • redox-activity for electrochemical sensors and electrocatalysis
  • optical and electronic properties for polymer (opto)electronics
  • stimuli-responsive behavior applicable as intelligent skin for controlled drug release in pharmaceutical applications and as actuators and sensors for soft robotics applications
Prof. Dr. Jochen MannhartDirector at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Solid State Quantum Electronics
The department explores interfaces in complex materials to create and understand new electronic systems, materials, and novel physical phenomena. This work is fundamental science in an area that is also of interest for possible applications. Complex oxide heterostructures are synthesized on the atomic scale by using advanced epitaxial growth techniques. Lateral confinement on the nanometer scale, for example by e-beam lithography, is applied to create complex 1D and 0D electronic systems. The department is furthermore striving to understand and advance thermoelectronic energy conversion, with the goal of creating a method to convert with very high efficiency solar radiation or heat into electricity. more
Prof. Dr. Dirk Manske  Group Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF) Theory of Unconventional Superconductors
The research in my group is mainly focused on non-equilibrium phenomena in Quantum Materials as well as on novel Josephson and Proximity effects using triplet superconductors. One major direction of our actual investigations are Higgs oscillations in superconductors under non-equilibrium conditions.
Employing various non-equilibrium techniques we have predicted unique effects that provide novel insights into unconventional superconductors. We collaborate with many experimental groups in Stuttgart as well as in Toyko and Vancouver within the framwork on the Max Planck--UBC--UTokyo Center for Quantum Materials.
With the prediction of novel and Josephson and Proximity effects in triplet junctions my group has opened a new field of research in condensed matter physics.
Recent experimental progress in thin film technology allows now to fabricate these devices as well as SQUIDS and new hetrostructures. Furthermore, we also work on non-centrosymmetric superconductors that reveals a mixture of singlet and triplet pairing. more
Prof. Dr. Walter MetznerDirector at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF) Quantum Many-Body Theory
In the Quantum Many-Body Theory department, electronic properties of solids are analyzed and computed with a main emphasis on systems where electronic correlations play a crucial role, such as high temperature superconductor and other transition metal oxides. Besides bulk properties of one-, two- and three-dimensional systems also surface states of topological phases, as well as problems with a mesoscopic length scale such as quantum dots, quantum wires, and quantum Hall systems are being studied. The correlation problem is treated by various modern numerical and field-theoretical techniques. more
Prof. Dr. Peter MichlerDirector of the Institut für Halbleiteroptik und Funktionelle Grenzflächen, University of Stuttgart Semiconductor Optics
The main research direction of the institute concerns the fabrication, characterization and study of new kinds of non-classical light sources, e.g. single-photon and entangled-photon sources and different kinds of semiconductor lasers. A special focus lies on their quantum optical properties and their applications in quantum information technology. Further goals are the study of resonator quantum electrodynamics effects in semiconductors. Here an ultimate goal is to develop methods to couple two or more quantum dots via high-quality modes of photonic cavities. We also have a strong effort on the epitaxial growth of semiconductors (MOVPE, arsenides, phospides, nitrides) and their structuring to novel photonic devices and circuits. more
Prof. Dr. Rainer NiewaInstitute of Inorganic Chemistry, University of StuttgartInorganic Solid State Chemistry and Development of New Materials
The work focuses on synthesis and detailed characterization of metal-rich compounds, preferentially containing nitrogen as a constituent. First emphasis is the design and development of preparative techniques as basis for synthesis of novel materials. Special attention is granted to structural characterization, electronic and magnetic properties as well as mechanical and chemical behavior. These data are inevitable for any detailed consideration of chemical bonding and potential applications. • Advanced solid state synthesis of functional materials including various high pressure techniques, solvothermal synthesis and crystal growth, high temperature synthesis • Solid state reaction pathways and crystal growth mechanisms • Magnetic and superconducting materials, ionic conductors more
Prof. Dr. Tilman PfauDirector of the 5th Physics Institute, University of StuttgartQuantum Computing and Simulation and Ultra Cold Atoms
Quantum Control with hundreds of qubits is possible if neutral single atoms are trapped in arrays of optical tweezers or in optical lattices. Controlled interaction either via Rydberg excitation or magnetic interactions in optical lattices allow to setup strongly correlated quantums states. Singe atom optical readout via fluorescence allows to connect the qubits to a measurement apparatus without any electircal wiring. We are operating both quantum simulators and computers on these ideas. (key words: Quantum Computing, Quantum Simulation, Atomic physics). more
J.-Prof. Dr. Bertold RascheInstitut for Inorganic Chemistry, University StuttgartInorganic solid state and electrochemistry
Electrochemistry provides us with an unmatched lever to control the chemical equilibrium. Employing this lever in inorganic solid state chemistry allows the access to new (metastable) phases and structures. Concomitantly, electrochemistry affords an outstanding precision in the control and analysis of the composition of phases. This is particularly needed when studying complex physical phenomena such as superconductivity, because these properties are often very sensitive towards composition.
My group follows a combined electrochemical and solid state chemical approach, where electrochemistry is used to change the composition of solids post-synthetically, or compounds are synthesised directly from solution. Joining this approach with in-situ X-ray diffraction finally establishes a direct link between the electrochemical experiment and structural changes. This not only provides insights into complex physical phenomena, but is also the foundation of more applied topics such as battery research and electrochemical sensing. more
Dr. Anna RoslawskaEmmy Noether research groupleader at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Atomic-scale optics
The fundamental origin of light-matter interaction lies at the atomic scale where single photons are absorbed, scattered, or emitted by single atoms and molecules. In our group, we address these mechanisms with sub-nm resolution by using and developing the techniques of atomic-scale optics. This extreme precision, way beyond the diffraction limit, is possible thanks to the combination of optical methods with scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), which routinely probes surfaces with atomic resolution and allows building the architecture of interest molecule by molecule. It enables us to achieve atomic-scale control and insights into mechanisms vital for life and technology such as light-harvesting or photosynthesis, as well as light generation in organic and inorganic materials. more
Dr. Thomas SchäferHead of Research Group at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Theory of Strongly Correlated Quantum Matter
Materials with strong electronic correlations are amongst the most intriguing topics at the forefront of research in condensed matter physics. On the one hand, they exhibit fascinating phenomena like quantum criticality and high-temperature superconductivity, bearing a high potential for applications. On the other hand, they are theoretically very appealing due to their limited understanding, even on the very fundamental level. Within the research group “Theory of Strongly Correlated Quantum Matter”, starting from September 2020, the frontier of this fundamental understanding is pushed by applying cutting-edge numerical quantum field theoretical methods to quantum critical systems, high-temperature superconductors, Mott insulators and magnetically frustrated systems, both in the purely model (Hubbard model, periodic Anderson model) as well as material oriented (heavy fermions, cuprates, organics)
context. more
Prof. Dr. Mathias ScheurerInstitute for Theoretical Physics III, University of StuttgartTheory of strongly correlated quantum matter
Our research deals with the theoretical description of the emergent collective phenomena that arise in interacting quantum many-body systems, resulting from competing interactions, disorder, and topology. More specifically, we are interested in unconventional and topological superconductivity, complex phase diagrams, the impact of impurities in crystals, spin-orbit coupling, magnetism, spin liquids and topological order, moiré superlattice systems, non-Hermitian many-body physics, and more. To address these problems, we use a combination of analytical and numerical techniques of quantum field theory and statistical mechanics. Furthermore, we explore the potential of machine-learning to address problems of many-body physics. more
Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Guido SchmitzChair of Materials Physics, IMW University of Stuttgart Nanoanalysis in Outstanding Resolution
Our team concentrates on the nanoanalysis of interreactions. We are experts in atom probe tomography to investigate solid-state processes in single-atom sensitivity and resolution. Presently, innovative instruments are developed to study the chemistry of solid/liquid interfaces with the same methods. From the perspective of materials physics, short-circuit atomic transport along triple junctions or other higher order defects in complex materials are of particular interest. We are running a sputter deposition laboratory to produce required model structures from metallic thin films and metallic nanowires. We assemble promising all-solid-state batteries and sensor devices. Theoretical work is performed by Molecular Dynamics or Monte-Carlo simulation to predict field evaporation and emission from nanometric tips.  Furthermore, we study thermodynamic properties of topologically necessary defects and the mechanical stability of thin films by theoretical methods. more
Dr. Andreas P. Schnyder Group Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)   Theory of Topological Quantum Matter
Our research group studies electronic and magnetic structures of quantum materials. A special focus is on topological materials, which exhibit unusual properties, such as exotic surface states and anomalous transport phenomena, that are unaffected by continuous deformations, e.g., stretching, compressing, or twisting. Our aim is to develop a theoretical framework to describe these topological properties, and to find new ways how to use them in the laboratory and for device applications. We seek to classify topological materials in terms of symmetries and to discover new remarkable examples. Current research priorities focus on the topological properties of nodal-line semimetals, quantum magnets, and unconventional superconductors, which we study using both analytical and numerical techniques. more
Dr. Aparajita SinghaEmmy Noether research groupleader at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Quantum sensing
  • Quantum sensing at the atomic scale beyond 4 K
  • Non-invasive magnetic imaging and coherent quantum control of single spin-qubits
  • Exploring novel surface-supported spin systems
Prof. Dr. Joris van SlagerenInstitute of Physical Chemistry, University of Stuttgart Modern Magnetic Systems - Molecular Nanomagnetism and Advanced Spectroscopy
We focus on the spectroscopic and magnetic study of molecular nanomagnets. These materials have been proposed for applications in fields ranging from quantum computing to magnetic data storage. We are especially interested in understanding the transition from the microscopic quantum mechanical world of small particles to the macroscopic classical world that we live in. We specialize in advanced spectroscopic studies, including those based on electron spin resonance-related techniques, to investigate the magnetic anisotropy and quantum coherence and their origins. more
Dr. rer. nat. habil. Jurgen H. SmetMax Planck Research Group Leader "Solid State Nanophysics" at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Solid State Nanophysics
Research in the Solid State Nanophysics Group focuses on the study of the many unusual ways in which electrons organize themselves as a result of interactions and correlations among their charge and spin degrees of freedom, when these electrons are confined in one or more dimensions on the nanometer scale. Transport and optical properties are investigated with local probe methods, at low temperatures, in high magnetic fields, under high frequency radiation or any combination thereof. The electrons are confined either in III–V semiconductor heterostructures or in strictly two-dimensional crystals such as graphene or other single layers of the large class of layered materials with weak interlayer forces. Also hybrid stacks of these two-dimensional crystals are fabricated and explored in a quest for novel functionalities and interaction physics. more
Prof. Dr. Ulrich Starke  Head of the Scientific Facility "Interface Analysis" at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)   Interface Analysis
In our group we study the atomic and electronic structure of solid surfaces and 2D materials. A strong focus of the research is the growth and functionalization of epitaxial graphene on Silicon Carbide. By means of atomic intercalation we can tailor graphene’s electronic properties. We use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to investigate doping and renormalization of the π-bands in graphene – in the home lab and at synchrotron facilities. Structured SiC substrates are the basis to grow epitaxial graphene nanoribbons with a one-dimensional electronic spectrum. The interaction of hetero-epitaxial 2D materials (e.g. transition metal dichalcogenides) and molecular layers with the graphene and its influence on both, the graphene and the 2D layer is studied with a multitude of surface science methods in ultra-high vacuum. more
Prof. Dr. Hidenori Takagi  Director at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF) &  Professor at the University of Tokyo &  Humboldt Professor at the University of Stuttgart   Quantum Materials
Entanglement of electrons (electron correlations) in solids, in combination with details of the crystal lattice structure, produce a surprisingly rich variety of electronic phases, that are liquid, liquid-crystal and crystalline states of the charge and spin degrees of freedom. These complex electronic phases and the subtle competition among them very often give rise to novel functionality. The department will be studying these interesting novel phases in transition metal oxides and related compounds where the narrow d-bands, which give rise to strong electron correlations, in combination with the rich chemistry of such materials provides excellent opportunities for new discoveries. The goal of this research will be to hunt for new materials exhibiting exotic electronic states of matter, showing phenomena such as superconductivity or high thermoelectricity, and to explore them with advanced measurement techniques to unveil the physical mechanisms that could be drivers of potentially highly desirable functionality. more
Dr. Lorenzo TesiEmmy Noether Research Group Leader at the Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of StuttgartMolecular Spin Qubits in Two-Dimensions at THz Frequency
Among the possible systems that exhibit quantum properties, molecular spin qubits (MSQs) are one of the most versatile platforms. At the heart of MSQs is the electronic spin, which can originate from unpaired electrons of organic centers, transition metals or lanthanides. The organic ligand surrounding the qubit can also be engineered to tune the electronic and spin properties. My group focuses on the deposition of MSQs on surfaces and investigation using spectroscopic techniques, in particular magnetic resonance. We also aim to extend the operating frequency range from X-band (9 GHz) to THz (> 100 GHz) using plasmonic metasurface magnetic resonators designed and fabricated by us. The group is therefore very multidisciplinary, at the interface of chemistry and physics, and young, having been established in January 2024.  more
Prof. Dr. Jürgen WeisHead of the Scientific Facility "Nanostructuring Lab" at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (MPI-FKF)Electronic Properties of Mesoscopic and Low-Dimensional Electron Systems
Electrical transport through single and coupled quantum dot systems (single-electron charging, Kondo physics) have been a long lasting topic. Furthermore, a scanning force microscope has been operated at 1.4 K to extract Hall potential profiles and current distributions in quantum Hall samples. Recently we have enhanced our abilities by a scanning probe microscope - operated below 0.1 K - using an array of single-electron transistors as probes. Being responsible for the Nanostructuring Lab of the institute, the fabrication of functional nanostructures for electronic, plasmonic or optical applications using state-of-the-art electron beam lithography became a major task. more
Prof. Dr. Jörg WrachtrupDirector of the 3rd Physics Institute, University of Stuttgart
The group capitalizes on generating synthetic spin systems in solids envisioning their precise quantum optical control. In the course of that research, spin arrays in insulators like e.g. diamond are generated and individual spin states are controlled. The systems provide a means to understand and develop control mechanisms in complex interaction many particle systems. Specifically engineered spin states are used for ultraprecise field measurements. Solid state quantum optics and magneto optics commences via integration of those structures in cavities and plasmonic resonators. Among the major long term research goals is the integration of mechanical and spin systems with the aim to explore the quantum mechanics of hybrid quantum systems with a large degree of freedom and precise unitary control. more
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